Are you about to sign an employment contract? Watch out for these details!
After successfully completing a job interview and standing on the threshold of a new employer, a formality awaits you—the signing of an employment contract. It is crucial to carefully read all the information contained within before signing, as your signature signifies agreement with its contents. We have compiled a list of the most important attributes that you should pay attention to.
Type of work and brief description
The employment contract should clearly define the scope of work and assign duties to the employee within the agreed-upon type of work. These details must be provided in writing.
Place of work
The contract should specify one or more places of work based on mutual agreement or the needs of the employer.
First day of work
The date on which the employment relationship begins should be clearly stated. Ideally, the employer should register the employee with the social insurance company and sign the employment contract before the employee's first day of work.
The contract should outline the salary evaluation and related information. Payment dates are typically included, but their inclusion is not mandatory.
Additionally, while not mandatory in the employment contract, the following details are usually included for the benefit of both the employee and the employer. It's important to note that even if they are not explicitly mentioned, the employer is still obligated to provide written information on these matters.
Determination of the contract termination period
If the end date of the employment contract is not specified, the employment relationship is considered to be unlimited.
Trial period and its duration
The default probationary period is three months, but it can be extended up to six months for managerial positions or members of a statutory authority. During the trial period, either party can terminate the employment relationship at any time.
Weekly working time
The default maximum working hours per week for an employee is 40 hours, with an average weekly working time of 48 hours including overtime. Certain exceptions, specified in the Labor Code, apply based on factors such as work schedules, job nature, or employee age.
The employer and employee can agree, in the employment contract, that the employee will refrain from engaging in competitive activities for a specified period after the end of the employment relationship, not exceeding one year according to the Labor Code.
Lastly, it's important to note that the employment contract should be prepared in duplicate, with one copy provided to the employee.